Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Bohol towns exhibit negative 
Population growth rates

TAGBILARAN CITY, October 29 (PIA)—Six Bohol towns recorded negative average annual population growth rates from 2000-2015, data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) 2-15 Census of Population (POPCEN) showed. 

Census of Population refers to the complete process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing, publishing, and disseminating data about the population in the country and entails the listing and recording of the characteristics of each as of a specified time and within a specified territory. 

Roughly interpreted, a town which experiences a negative average annual population growth rate did not have an increase in population in the last years of censuses.

If the date of reckoning of the town’s population would be pegged between the shorter term of fove years or between 2010-2015, the number of towns recording negative average annual population growth rates would jump to nine.

Averages from longer span of time (2000 to 2015 censuses) revealed that the towns of Mabini, Candijay, Sierra Bullones, San Isidro, Loon and Anda each posted negative growth rates. 

Mabini posted -0.02, Candijay and Sierra Bullones had -0.20, San Isidro had -0.27, Loon -0.32 and Anda -0.53 average annual population growth rates between 2000-2015. 

At a shorter span, between 2010-2015, Dimiao posted the biggest reduction in average population growth rate with -1.03, followed by San Isidro at 0.81, Mabini at -0.69, Anda at -0.51, Loboc at -0.38, Valencia at -0.32, Antequera and Danao which had -0.07 and Catigbian which posted -0.01.

Based on its Vital Statistics Report, Bohol posts a crude birth rate of 26.31 per 1,000 population and a crude death rate of 8.25 per thousand of population, while it picks a 1.85% annual growth rate in 2000, PSA stated in a press report. 

Cognizant of the implications of a negative population growth rate, PSA Bohol under Provincial Statisticians Jessamyne Anne Alcazaren admits they had to revalidate if only to ascertain the post census data. 

Having gone through the tedious re-validation, PSA said they found four possible explanations for the decrease in the latest POPCEN. 

Speaking at the Kapihan sa PIA, Alcazaren said one such factor could be the timing of the census. 

PSA said the information on the count of the population were collected with 12:01 a.m. of August 1, 2015 as the census reference time and date. 

This, being in the mid-semester will find students and working population still in the major urban centers making them possibly listed in their temporary residence. 

Consequently, with working and schooling people off the towns, they would not be in the count. 

Census-taking in the Philippines also follows a de jure concept where a person is counted in the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides. 

Citizens of foreign countries having their usual place of residence in the Philippines or foreign visitors who have stayed or expected to stay for at least a year from the time of their arrival in the country are included in the enumeration, PSA explained.

PSA Bohol authorities also noted that there has been the problem of out-migration owing to the lack of work opportunities in the towns. (rac/PIA-7/Bohol)
Census on a bad timing could be a reason why many of the Boholanos were “not counted” in their towns, explained PSA Bohol Jessamyne Anne Alcazaren. She also pointed out that outmigration caused by limited job opportunities could also figure out why towns exhibit negative growth rates. (RAC/PIA-7/Bohol)  

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